⊙ Alcohol causes cancer.
⊙ Any alcohol consumption increases the risk of cancers. The higher the level of alcohol use, the bigger is the increase in cancer risk.
⊙ There is no safe level of alcohol consumption.
⊙ A considerable proportion of all cancer cases and deaths is caused by low levels of alcohol consumption.
⊙ In recent years the evidence base has grown that alcohol is causally linked to an increasing array of cancer types.
⊙ It is the responsibility of governments to ensure that people are made aware of the scientifically established fact that alcohol causes cancer.
⊙ Information about alcohol and health is also a responsibility for medical practitioners.