Second-hand effects of alcohol consumption

The second-hand effects of alcohol consumption are pervasive affecting, in principle, all major parts of society, e.g. fetal alcohol effects, lower grades in school, injuries, violence and cost for medical care. This report summarizes current evidence on the harm caused by alcohol to people other than the alcohol user and effective ways to reduce it.


Second-hand harm due to alcohol is a relatively underused concept. It refers to the harms to society and to individuals around those who consume alcohol. The second-hand harm of alcohol consumption occurs in all areas of society and can involve anything from traffic accidents, through violence and abuse in both personal relationships and the public space, to children being neglected and a loss of the capacity for work. The aim of this report is to make available what we know about alcohol-related second-hand harm and to present the research conducted in this field.